White Supremacy & Chinese Canadian Mythology

Daniel T.



This factsheet explores the history of the 1885 Electoral Act to debunk Canadian mythology surrounding the history of Chinese Canadians. This key piece of racist legislation was created by John A. MacDonald, who personally introduced biological racism as a defining characteristic of Canadianness.



  • Chenier, E. "Sex, Intimacy, and Desire Among Men of Chinese Heritage and Women of Non-Asian Heritage in Toronto, 1910-1950." Urban History Review/Revue D'Histoire Urbaine 42, no.2 (2014): 29-59. https://doi.org/10.7202/1025698ar

  • Sitara, G. "BC" PowerPoint Presentation. University of Victoria, BC, Canada. December 1st, 2020.

  • Sitara, G. "White Canada Forever." PowerPoint Presentation. University of Victoria, BC, Canada. January 25th, 2021.

  • Stanley, T. "Playing with 'Nitro': The Racialization of Chinese Canadians in Public Memory." Settling and Unsettling Memories: Essays in Canadian Public History, eds. Nearby, N., & Hodgins, P. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012. pp. 215-234. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/9781442699694

  • Stanley, T. J. (2016). "John A. MacDonald, 'the Chinese and Racist State Formation in Canada." Journal of Critical Race Inquiry 3, no. 1: pp. 6-34. DOI: 10.24908/jcri.v3i1.5974

  • Yu, H. "Refracting Pacific Canada: Seeing Our Uncommon Past." BC Studies 7, no. 156 (Winter 2007/2008): 5-10. https://doi.org/10.14288/bcs.v0i156/7.606

Key Figures