This factsheet explores the intertwined histories of immigration and colonization and the formation of a racist Canadian state in the mid-nineteenth century. The factsheet traces acts of resistance and the economic, legislative and social processes involved in creating a settler-colonial province to reveal how dispossession, removal and immigration transformed Indigenous landscapes in the nineteenth century.
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(n.d). "Chinese." Library and Archives Canada. https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/history-ethnic-cultural/Pages/chinese.aspx
Perry, A. (2000). "Hardy Backwoodsmen, Wholesomewomen, and Steady Families: Immigration and the Construction of a White Society in Colonial British Columbia, 1849-1871." Historie sociale / Social History 33, no. 66: pp. 343-360. https://hssh.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/hssh/article/view/4570
Stanley, T. J. (2016). "John A. MacDonald, 'the Chinese and Racist State Formation in Canada." Journal of Critical Race Inquiry 3, no. 1: pp. 6-34. DOI: 10.24908/jcri.v3i1.5974