How Do You Know Who Is White?

T. Liu



This factsheet looks at what race does to provide a better understanding of how race is made-up to justify
unequal power relations. The factsheet details how race works in relation with gender and class to continue giving social, political and economic power to whiteness and masculinity.



  • Scott, C. (2016). “How French Canadians became White Folks, or Doing Things with Race in Quebec.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 39, no. 7, pp. 1280-1297. DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2015.1103880

  • See, S. W. (2000). “An Unprecedented Influx: Nativism and Irish Famine Immigration to Canada.” The American Review of Canadian Studies 30, no. 4, pp. 429-453. DOI:

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