This factsheet contextualizes the racialized transformation of French Canadians and Irish Catholics from 'non-white' in the 19th century to 'becoming white' in the 20th century. The factsheet challenges readers to confront the instability of 'race' and exemplifes how 'whiteness' acts as a political tool to ostracize and oppress groups.
Magan, R. (Director), Farrell, D. (Producer), Rooke, S. (Producer), & Thompson, C. (Producer). (2020). Death Or Canada [Film]. Toronto, Ontario: ACME Pictures. https://tilefilms.ie/productions/death-or-canada/
Scott, C. (2016). “How French Canadians became White Folks, or Doing Things with Race in Quebec.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 39, no. 7, pp. 1280-1297. DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2015.1103880
See, S. W. (2000). “An Unprecedented Influx: Nativism and Irish Famine Immigration to Canada.” The American Review of Canadian Studies 30, no. 4, pp. 429-453. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02722010009481062
Sitara, G. "Historicizing Whiteness." PowerPoint Presentation. University of Victoria, BC, Canada. November 2, 2020.