Historicizing Whiteness

Alexis E.



This factsheet explores how French Canadians and Irish Catholic immigrants actively fought to be included into 'whiteness' in the 19th and 20th centuries. The factsheet explains how a framework of inclusion reinscribes systemic inequality and details how 'race' acts as a political tool that aids projects of colonialism and white supremacy.



  • Magan, R. (Director), Farrell, D. (Producer), Rooke, S. (Producer), & Thompson, C. (Producer). (2020). Death Or Canada [Film]. Toronto, Ontario: ACME Pictures. https://tilefilms.ie/productions/death-or-canada/

  • Morrisette, A. T. “Preventing the Parade: The Party Processions Acts in Ireland and Canada.” American Review of Canadian Studies: Essays in Honor of Scott See 48, no. 2 (2018): 110-124. DOI: 10.1080/02722011.2018.1470137

  • Scott, C. (2016). “How French Canadians became White Folks, or Doing Things with Race in Quebec.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 39, no. 7, pp. 1280-1297. DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2015.1103880

  • See, S. W. (2000). “An Unprecedented Influx: Nativism and Irish Famine Immigration to Canada.” The American Review of Canadian Studies 30, no. 4, pp. 429-453. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02722010009481062

  • Sitara, G. "Historicizing Whiteness." PowerPoint Presentation. University of Victoria, BC, Canada. November 2, 2020.

Key Figures